About Our Courses

Public Administration

What is required for UPSC?

Union Public Service Commission recruits human resource for leadership positions across different domains. These leadership positions are attuned to serve the general public and lead the nation in a prosperous way. This essentially needs adequate and in-depth knowledge and understanding of the administrative setup and the governance system in the country.



What is public administration?

The administration is a pursuit of organizing and managing the resources to achieve the intended objectives. Public Administration is class of administration that works in public domain with public welfare as its goal. It deals with classical practices and current trends in governing people in an increasingly interconnected, resourceful and multi-institutional world.

Why public administration is included in UPSC Exam optional List?

Public Administration is optional which will prepare a candidate to fit well into the governance system. It helps a candidate excel in the leadership positions they are selected for. Every probationer is given adequate training on public administration after they are successful in the UPSC exam. If a candidate is passionate about learning administration before one gets to training process this optional serves as a good take off.

What is the intellectual training that a candidate receives from the subject?

It prepares the candidates

  • To understand the conditions and requirement of the country
  • To think critically and logically to solve the problems of the country
  • To conceive viable, creative and appropriate policies and schemes
  • To develop exemplary literary skills that makes an impact
  • To think out of box, articulate and systematically present the ideas with grace.

What kind of aptitude is required for the subject?

This is one of the few optional that requires very less memorization. It is appropriate for creative and thinking individuals who can logically write answers. The boundary of the subject is overarching that it includes polity, sociology, history, ethics, management, law, psychology, etc. A candidate who is looking for an option that will expose them to diverse thoughts in various domains and derive a unique understanding of the world of administration, then the public administration is apt for him/her. If you are a kind of person who wants to excel the nuances of administration and become a professional administrator, this can be a perfect option for you. Finally, the old days of low scores in the Public administration is a dead story. The current trend in public administration is conducive to scoring very high and realizing the dream of IAS and other services easily.

How Samskara brings out the influential, potent and compassionate administrator in you?

The course has two equal components.The theory and test. The theory classes are aimed at developing a strong base of understanding. The test batches propel the thinking process in you. The Samskara IAS Academy believes in training candidates in logic and critical thinking. This helps any candidate to conceive ideas and construct the idea in a structured and conscientious manner. It hones your writing skill to exemplary levels. It trains individuals to write vivid and compelling answers that act as a potential tool to fetch good marks in the civil service main exam. The training is based on culturing the skills from the bottom up and making it stand for the lifetime. By the end of the course, you will become a unique critical thinker, with excellent literary skills that will help boost your score.

A leader is someone who demonstrate what’s possible when the whole world is bogged by impossibility

What is the syllabus for the optional?

PAPER - I (Administrative Theory)

Meaning, scope, and significance of Public Administration; Wilson's vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.
Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber's bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon's decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor).
Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.
Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards, and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public-Private Partnerships.
Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civil society; Citizen's Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.
Meaning, scope, and significance; Dicey on the Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
The concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; 'Antidevelopment thesis'; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalization on administration in developing countries; Women and development - the self-help group movement.
Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.
Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets - types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.

PAPER - II (Indian Administration)

Kautilya's Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration - Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.
Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
The public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.
Executive, Parliament, Judiciary - structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister's Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.
Machinery of planning; Role, composition, and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; 'Indicative' planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.
Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
Changing role of the Collector; Union state-local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic decentralization.
Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training, and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.
The budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of the finance ministry in a monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj;73rd Constitutional amendment.
Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global-local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.
British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management

In conclusion, this optional is indeed a transformative experience. It molds a person to a whole new level of thinking and writing which in turn has good potential to fetch better marks in the exam. This also has the potential to bring out a decisive, catalytic, ethical, professional, creative and compassionate leader in oneself. It not only goes to an extent of making you a leader but a phenomenal leader who will create more leaders!!!!